Fomenko claims the Hagia Sophia is actually the biblical Temple of Solomon.He identifies Solomon as sultan Suleiman the Magnificent (1494–1566).On the other hand, according to Fomenko the word "Rome" is a placeholder and can signify any one of several different cities and kingdoms.He claims the "First Rome" or "Ancient Rome" or "Mizraim" is an ancient Egyptian kingdom in the delta of the Nile with its capital in Alexandria.The New Chronology is a pseudohistorical theory which argues that the conventional chronology of Middle Eastern and European history is fundamentally flawed, and that events attributed to the civilizations of the Roman Empire, Ancient Greece and Ancient Egypt actually occurred during the Middle Ages, more than a thousand years later.
Before the invention of printing, accounts of the same events by different eyewitnesses were sometimes retold several times before being written down, then often went through multiple rounds of translating and copyediting.
The idea of chronologies that differ from the conventional chronology can be traced back to at least the early 17th century.
Jean Hardouin then suggested that many ancient historical documents were much younger than commonly believed to be.
Fomenko justifies this approach by the fact that, in many cases, the original documents are simply not available: Fomenko claims that all the history of the ancient world is known to us from manuscripts that date from the 15th century to the 18th century, but describe events that allegedly happened thousands of years before, the originals regrettably and conveniently lost.
For example, the oldest extant manuscripts of monumental treatises on Ancient Roman and Greek history, such as Annals and Histories, are conventionally dated c.