As far back as the year 2154, we find mention of the great importance attaching to the celestial phenomena in the minds of Chinese rulers.
It is recorded in the Historical Classic of China that at that time the astrologers Hi and Ho neglected their duties so that when, on the 10th of October, there was a great eclipse of the Sun at Peking between seven and nine o’clock in the morning, the people were wholly unprepared for it, and “ran about here and there in the utmost consternation.” For this offence Hi and Ho were deprived of their offices, their estates were confiscated and they were driven from the kingdom.
The literature of the subject is considerable, and the present writer only takes credit to himself so far as his own wide experience and practice have enabled him to present the subject in a simple and brief manner.
The luminaries and planets are known to astronomers under the following names and symbols:— The Sun ☉, Moon ☽, Neptune ♆, Uranus ♅, Saturn ♄, Jupiter ♃, Mars ♂, Venus ♀, and Mercury ☿.
This is subject to an equation depending on the position of the planet in its orbit, and it determines the difference between the imaginary planet and the true planet.
The equation itself depends on the eccentricity of the orbit, that is to say, its relation to a circle drawn around the same focal centre.
Let it suffice that if we can trace an actual connectedness between the disposition of the heavenly bodies at the moment of a birth and the known life and character of the individual then born, and an exact correspondence between the course of events in that life with the changes occurring in the heavens subsequent to the moment of birth, we shall do well to accept the fact for what it is worth, and arrange our philosophic notions accordingly.
Among the Hindus we have the classical writers Garga, Parashara, and Mihira, together with their legions of commentators.
The Assyrian records are full of astrological allusions regarding the influence of planetary conjunctions and stellar positions.
At certain points in their orbits they will appear to remain stationary in the same part of the Zodiac.
The annexed illustration will assist the lay reader perhaps.